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AQSIQ: Final report on the quality of imported cotton in 2014
2015-03-31

AQSIQ released the final report on the quality of imported cotton in 2014.

 

Cotton import fell sharply in 2014. Total official quarantine inspection registered 9415 lots, or 2.7584 mil tons, a total value of 5.81 bil USD, down 37.46%, 33.80% and 31.41% respectively from 2013. 

 

Top 10 Inspection Bureau

No.

Branch

Lots

Weight (Ton)

Value (10,000 USD)

1

Shandong

3778

1,236,835.21

257,649.94

2

Jiangsu

2555

759,787.86

157,293.56

3

Shanghai

656

186,242.91

43,075.84

4

Xinjiang

445

26,388.47

6,246.15

5

Guangdong

357

101,324.13

21,110.99

6

Hubei

251

79,716.94

17,318.96

7

Zhejiang

219

41,183.90

8,310.03

8

Henan

215

88,307.79

18,946.10

9

Hebei

183

62,041.19

12,411.97

10

Ningbo

119

27,141.79

6,087.15

 

 

Imported cotton came from 40 countries and areas in 2014. The biggest suppliers include India, U.S., Australia, Uzbekistan and Brazil. The main quality is SM and M grade. SM and above grades account for 37.12% of the total inspected volume. M and above account for 91.26% of the total volume. 33.03% were imported on a sample basis.

 

 

Trade patterns are dominated by general trade and a small volume of processing with customized/imported materials. The quarantine inspection issued a total of 6708 certificates of quality claim, totalling 41.7028 mil USD, 8148 certificates of weight claim, totaling 54.9552 mil USD. Total claim amounted to 96.48 mil USD, or 1.66% of the gross import value in 2014.

 

With a sharp increase of import volume, the overall quality is less satisfying. Except for a lower percentage of disqualified micronaire, cotton grade, fiber length and strength all reported a higher defective.

 

In terms of grade, the average defective is 13.38%, up 1.5 points from 2013 (11.88%). The inspected cotton was downgraded by 0.5 to 4 grade, and 174 lots were 100% downgraded.

 

In terms of fiiber length, the average defective is 4.43%, up 1.7 points from 2013 (2.73%). 59 lots were 100% disqualified.

 

In terms of micronaire, the average defective is 4.18%, down 1.55 points from 2013 (5.73%). 35 lots were 100% disqualified.

 

In terms of fiber strength, the average defective is 3.97%, up 1.23 points from 2013 (2.74%). 16 lots were 100% disqualified.

 

In terms of weight losses, 86.55% lots were short-weighted. The average short-weight level is 0.96%, up 0.08 point from 2013 (0.88%).

 

In 2014, India, U.S., Australia, Uzbekistan and Brazil were the top 5 import origins, accounting for 88.45% of the total import volume and 88.57% of the total value.

 

Quality defective of top five import origins

Country

Lot

Weight (10,000 ton)

Value (10,000 USD)

Defective (%)

grade

length

Micronaire

Strength

short-weight

India

2892

105.15

209232.95

10.67

3.83

4.28

4.94

1.15

U.S.

2261

55.09

130643.76

13.51

5.01

5.31

2.339

0.94

Australia

1721

54.37

115703.42

20.39

1.75

3.73

2.73

1.17

Uzbekistan

520

18.27

34128.27

12.5

3.69

5.05

1.37

0.37

Brazil

544

11.08

25221.67

10.96

4.07

0.99

6.56

0.37

 

Import from Africa totaled 1001 lots or 236000 tons, with a value of 491.8192 mil USD. The average downgrade for African cotton is 12.90%. Fiber length, micronaire, strength and weight reported a defective of 11.37%, 1.20%, 3.91% and 0.54% respectively.

 

The reason for U.S. downgrade is grey/yellow color, poorer gloss, shorter staple, higher trash, poorer ginning quality, higher or lower mic and some poorer strength.

 

The quality of Indian cotton is generally dissatisfying, especially for those with contracts of U.S. delivery. Water spraying by Indian workers during cotton processing resulted in a much higher moisture level and caused fiber to stiffen that easily turns rot during long period of storage.

 

Australian cotton, which is known for high quality also reported a high defective in the second half of 2014. Poorer gloss, grey like and a lower grade were reported as a result of excessive rains.

 

Uzbekistan is downgraded for high trash content, grey color and poor ginning.

 

African is downgraded for yellow color, disqualified fiber length, which is well above the average level of other origins.

 

U.S. bales reported little improvement in packaging with widely used plastic woven bag. Indian bales are easily broken and polluted.